The links between osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and heart calcification (резюме)
The major cause of the calcium build up is the changes in the physiological processes, inflammation, autoimmune diseases and injury. It is not proven that diet rich in calcium cause calcifications
Prof. Sekib Sokolovic
Clinic for Heart, Blood Vessel and Rheumatic diseases
Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Medical Faculty of Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina
The vascular and other tissue calcifications is degenrative proccess of aging and the major cause of severe cardiovascular disorders and complications. In general, humans older than sixty years have a some degree of calcifications. Calcifications is a deposition of the calcium into the cardiac and cranial arteries. Other tissues affected by calcium are joints, abdominal organs, breast, lungs, adrenal,soft tissues, periarticular soft tissues, etc. The major cause of the calcium build up is the changes in the physiological processes, inflammation, autoimmune diseases and injury. It is not proven that diet rich in calcium cause calcifications. Etiology of calcifications is still undiscovered, and its cause has not been found yet. It is definitely known that osteoporosis is one of the disorder that is the consequence of the loosing the calcium from the bones into the bloodstream. Bone mineral density is also correlated to aortic and coronary calcifications. Since osteoporosis is decalcification of the bone tissue and atherosclerosis is the calcification of the vascular tissue, we came to hypothyses that osteoporosis, and atherosclerosis are in close and direct relationship to each other. Osteoarthritis is just the consequence of internal and external influence. In our clinical study, we investigated the link between the association betwwen osteoporosis and atherosclerosis. We also investigated the arterial stiffness and severity of the calcium deposition in the heart valves and association with osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. The acid base diet, smoking low vitamin D and unhealthy lifestyle has a great impact on the calcifications and our suggested conclusion of this dilemma is that heart calcifications are the consequence of these conditions.